Man’s Identity – Outer & Inner Being: Body & Soul Flesh vs Spirit
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If you view man in 3 parts, are you working from the outer or inner being?
Everybody has: 1) a soma body (a) as visible part of man, 2) a psyche soul (b) as the invisible part that consists of mind/intellect, emotions, and the will’s “power” of Zechariah 4:6’s “might and power,” and 3) a pneuma spirit (c) or innermost man (d) or “the hidden of the heart [part of] man” (e) that contains God’s zoe genuine-life force, fashioned after the image of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Remember God said, “Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness” (f). All men, unredeemed or redeemed, are made this way!
<Notes> a) soma or sometimes sarx, b) psyche, c) pneuma: 1 Thessalonians 5:23, d) eso anthropos: 2 Corinthians 4:16; Romans 7:22; Ephesians 3:16, e) kryptos tes kardias anthropos: 1 Peter 3:4, f) Genesis 1:26.
The Father or Originator as pure Invisible Mind/Intellect, Emotions, and Will-Power makes His invisible Self fully known through His visible Son as The Logos Communicator of God (a) that became flesh (b) and dwelt among us (c). After Christ’s resurrection, God still has a physical body on earth in order to represent Himself, but now it’s the Church, the Body-of-Christ (d).
<Notes> a) The “Living and/coupled Active Logos Word of God”: Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1:23, b) sarx as body, c) John 1:14; Hebrews 4:15; 1 Peter 1:19, d) Ephesians 5:23; Colossians 1:24.
The Invisible Inner-Being of God and Man
Like the Triune God, man is also created with an ‘invisible self’ – his psyche soul, even though Paul, Peter, and other Jews refer to the kardia heart and nous mind/intellect synonymously as the soul’s “seat of intellect, emotions, and will-power,” and distinguishes this from the body (a) or spirit (b), although Paul says a Christian’s “renewing your nous mind” (c) is “being renewed in/by/with the spirit ‘of/belonging-to’ your minds” (d), but Paul very likely speaking of a human spirit within a human mind but referring to the Holy Spirit that works in their “minds of Christ” (e) to “renew their minds” or bypass it as we will see below.
<Notes> a) Matthew 10:28, b) Matthew 12:18; Hebrews 4:12, c) Romans 12:2, d) Ephesians 4:23 uses the genitive of possession “of your minds,” , e) 1 Corinthians 2:16.
Furthermore, Jewish OT physiology groups heart and mind together, so you can “think with you heart” (a). James 4:8 says “purify [to singleness] your hearts, you double-minded.” Psalms 73:21 uses parallelism of “heart grief” with “mind vexing.” In Luke 24:25, 45 Jesus “opened the mind” of those “slow of heart” (b). Paul says God’s “Law (c) of my mind was waging war against the law (d) of sin that dwells in my bodily members” (e). However, by “proseuchomai conversationally-praying by-the-means-of the Spirit of/belonging-to me” I can bypass the mind so that it is useless or unproductive of the fruit it normally would produce, which is understanding, by simply praying in tongues (f).
<Notes> a) Isaiah 10:7, b) see also 1 Samuel 2:35, Psalms 26:2, Jeremiah 11:20, 20:12, and Ephesians 4:17-18, c) nomos used specifically in context for Paul for the Torah Law of conditional-favor which Paul as a Jewish Pharisee had memorized, e) nomos used generally as “principle or instruction,” e) Romans 7:23, f) 1 Corinthians 14:13-15.
We’ve already seen that the soul is not the body (a) but neither is the soul the spirit of man (b), so here man can be viewed as 3 parts: body, soul, and spirit (c). What are you ergo ‘working or doing’ from as a Christian musician? Is your identity wrapped up in your outer or inner being? <Notes> a) Matthew 10:28, b) Matthew 12:18; Hebrews 4:12, c) 1 Thessalonians 5:23.
Why then did Jesus distinguish unconditionally-loving God “with all your heart and all your soul and with all your dianoia critical thinking (a)” (b) where He agrees with the lawyer trying to trick Him, even though the scribe replaces dianonia “critical thinking” with “ishus endowed strength/power” and Jesus never corrects him? And even crazier is that the Deuteronomy 6:5 verse Jesus cites in the Hebrew only has “heart, soul, and meod force/might” or in the Greek “heart, soul, and dunamis natural/inherent power/ability.” <Notes> a) dianoia: thorough, balanced reasoning of intellect, b) Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27.
Jesus is obviously equating dianoia ‘critical thinking’ (a) with meod ‘force/might‘ and with dunamis ‘natural/inherent power/ability,’ especially because the Hebrew word koach in Zechariah 4:6 that is translated dunamis in the Greek includes “all internal abilities, including the intellect” – this is the “power” of “absolutely-in-fact-NOT by-the-means-of might nor power” of Zechariah 4:6 that the Lord declares would no longer be acceptable under the completely different-in-kind New Covenant! Can you see the problem with building understanding solely from biblical writings – which ones are you going to go with? See Bible Info for many more problems. <Notes> a) dianoia: thorough, balanced reasoning of intellect.
The old covenant indeed was all about “unconditionally-loving God with ALL your heart, soul, and . . . critical thinking, force/might, or natural/inherent power/ability,” which is the same as saying “with all our heart, soul, and all your internal abilities including your intellect,” but all altogether this really is saying “with all your soul’s thinking-mind, emotional-heart, and will-power’s force or might.” Notice there is no mention of body, but it’s a given that the body follows the dictates of the soul’s mind, emotions, and will. Also notice there is no mention of the pneuma spirit because the Old Testament (OT) Jews viewed this as simply the “breath of God” that gives man life.
The old covenant ways are history – they have been replaced by New Covenant Ways
However, the completely different-in-kind New Covenant does away with ALL of the “internal resources” of the soul’s mind, emotions, and will – the “power” of “by might and power”, and even “the external resources of the body” – the “might” in “by might and power, and replaces it with “by-the-means-of My Spirit.” Again, Jesus was not teaching the old covenant way of doing things, simply answering a trick question about the Law! Thank God that He no longer relies on the outer or inner beings of man’s identity!
Then why did the scribe replace dianonia “critical thinking” with “ishus endowed strength/power”? We will never know why Jesus didn’t object – maybe just to end the attempted trickery! Again, we know from OT Jewish physiology that the heart contains the mind/intellect, so you can “think with your heart.” We also know from OT anthropology that the Jews equated the soul with the person, not even distinguishing as the Greek did that “the soul was the hidden person separate from the body.”
So Jesus, speaking primarily to Jews, could be easily saying the OT commandment meant to “love God with ALL your heart/mind, soul/person, and inherent strength/power” or simply “ALL your person’ mind/heart and bodily strength” – that is, your “might and power” internal and external abilities!
Furthermore, all these statements are coupled together with kai and not just a list of separate items as with de, so all of these words are likely integrally related with very fuzzy boundaries anyways! We have to be careful to not get hung up on Hebrew words, which have a lot of overlap, and read too much into how the Greeks try to separate things, and end up building theology around 1 verse! But false teachers love to do that! And we have to remember that Jesus was simply answering a trick question, absolutely not teaching old covenant commandments to His disciples – see New Covenant Ways.
God’s instructions are NO LONGER on stone tablets or paper!
A key verse for our discussion is that IN the completely different-in-kind New Covenant God NOW bypasses tablets or scripture to write His torah or nomos instructions (a), for “I will put My nomos [plural] laws (a) eis ‘toward and reaching the goal of’ into their nous minds and/coupled write them upon (b) their kardia hearts” per Hebrews 8:10. However, Hebrews 10:16 says it differently: “I will put My nomos upon (b) their kardia hearts and/coupled write them upon (b) their nous minds.” But then the Jeremiah 31:33 Greek LXX text that both these verses are citing says: “I will put My nomos [plural] laws toward/reaching into (b) their dianoia critical thinking and/coupled write them upon (b) their kardia hearts.” But the Hebrew text of this says: “I will put My torah [singular] law [no preposition] their qereb inward parts (c) upon/touching (c) their kardia hearts I will write them.” What a mess! Let’s try to sort it out next.
<Notes> a) laws: parceled-out principles for instruction, b) epi with the accusative: motion to a place whose surface is thus touched or if genitive: motion that rests on, c) qereb: as seat of thoughts, emotions, and will.
So we have Hebrews 8:10 and Greek of Jeremiah 31:33 agreeing with “put into their nous minds, write upon their kardia hearts,” which is also very close to the Hebrew “put qereb inward parts [as thoughts and emotion], write upon their kardia hearts.” However, Hebrews 10:16 flips it to “put upon their kardia hearts, write upon their nomos minds,” which makes it look like a simple copying mistake! So the consensus is “put into their nomos minds and/coupled write upon their kardia hearts,” but this is kai coupled together as really one action by God, where “minds and/coupled hearts” and the prepositions eis ‘toward and reaching to goal of’ and epi upon/touching are both used synonymously, so again, we shouldn’t get hung up on words!
But remember that from Jewish OT physiology, minds and hearts are used synonymously, so you can “think from your heart.” That’s why they are coupled together. What’s the point? If you think the bible is well written, I have some property for sale in the Florida everglades – see Bible Info!
The “main thing is to keep the main things the main thing,” and that is NOW under the completely different-in-kind New Covenant, God writes His instruction(s) upon our hearts/minds, and that’s how He gets it eis ‘toward and reaching the goal of’ or epi upon/touching us! Before Jesus, it was written on stone and in scrolls!
We have to remember that the mind/heart is part of the soul or ‘hidden man,’ and even deeper within or in the innermost part of the mind/heart is the life-giving “breath of God” or spirit of man, where NOW the Holy Spirit dwells within a Christian, making his spirit “the new man” or “inner being.”
Bibliolatry – Worship of the Bible
Yet, I know more Christians and musicians that worship the physically written bible more than the Holy Spirit living within their mind/heart, which is living within their soul. “The kingdom of God is within” per Luke 17:21! I came from the Church of Christ that never talked about the Holy Spirit, let alone teach you to watch and listen for directly-spoken/heard prophetic rhema words from Him! They would rather read and study a book than learn directly from God – that was Christ’s point in John 5:38-40! They were modern-day scribes and Pharisees!
However, I’ve seen the same thing in Baptist, United Methodist, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Catholic churches, and many non-denominational “bible-believing” fundamentalist churches. I know a lot of Christian musicians that quote bible verses about their worship playing, but they have never directly heard from God. They are simply stuck in the old covenant way of the “knowledge of God.”
But God also created us in His own image in that just like He has a Spirit, all men have been given a human spirit by the God’s breath of life (a). In the same way Jesus breathed on His disciples to receive the Holy Spirit (b). The Father being “Mind/Intellect, Emotions, and Will-Power” is parallel to man’s psyche soul. We can see that within both is the “mind/intellect” and that the spirit/Spirit possessively ‘belongs to it.’ Yes, you can see the “emotions and will-power” are certainly key characteristics of the spirit/Spirit, and they certainly are integrally connected to the “mind/intellect” of the psyche soul! <Notes> a) Job 27:3, 32:8, 34:14; Isaiah 42:5, 57:16; Luke 23:46, b) John 20:22.
When then natural man, characterized as “in the flesh,” is saved his spirit or “old man” that belongs to his psyche soul is replaced with a completely-different-in-kind “New man” or “New creation” making him born again (a), but this time by-the-means-of the Holy Spirit (b). For a Christian, his human spirit now consists solely of the original “breath of life” and the “New man” of the Holy Spirit, just as with Christ, except Jesus had “the Spirit without measure” (c). Is your identity focused on this inner being or even stuck in your outer being? <Notes> a) John 3:3, 7; 1 Peter 1:3, 23, b) Romans 6:6; Colossians 3:9-10; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Galatian 6:15, c) John 3:34.
As a Christian musician, what part of the outer or inner being of your identity are you creating your music from – 1) your body, 2) your soul’s mind/intellect, emotions, or will-power, or 3) your spirit as that which “belongs to your soul/mind/heart” – your ‘breathed by God into life’ innermost being or man, hidden-of-the-heart, which NOW is completely different-in-kind “New” because the Spirit of God has created it when you were resurrected from saving water-baptism. Just who are you – which part do you identify with? Which part are you creating music from? Please comment below!
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See also Might & Power – All of man’s external resources & internal abilities
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