Note: Drag & Ruff Rudiments may contain Flams, but since the Drag is another level of complexity they are included here instead of on the Flams page. Drag Rudiments may contain Singles, Doubles, Triples, or Buzzes, but the reason they are not on those pages as Drags is because here they are “compressed” or “contracted” into a more “closed Texture” as grace-notes of an unspecified Note/Time-value and connected to a Principle-note. For example, r l r L counted 1 e e + _ _ with 1/16-note Triplets is a Single-Stroke 4 on the Singles page, but “contracted” into rlrL where the L is the Principle-note on count 1 and rlr has to “squeeze” in before it, makes it a 4-Single-Stroke Ruff found on this page. The level of complexity and uniqueness of sound has caused others in history to classify them differently, but you really should view them as all related on a spectrum of open-closed Texture.
Drags with 1 Principle-Note:
Drags with 2 Principle-Notes:
Drags with 3 Principle-Notes:
Drags with 4 Principle-Notes:
Drags with 5 or more Principle-Notes: