Drums – Grooves & Ear-Training

 

 

Groove is Master! S.E.D. = Support, Embellish, Dialogue. As a musician, if you S.E.D. it well, you will stay out of the D.E.S.

 

 

Get Groovy and Stay in that Pocket

 

 

 

!!! Some of these are really old recordings, so it’s best to use headphones or really turn the volume up to hear everything I am saying but especially to be accurately distinguish between the sounds of the different parts of the drum-set in order to train your ear accurately !!!

 

 

 

Click on Pic to watch video: Groove is Master! It’s 60-70% of what a drummer should be doing!

 

 

YouTube Playlist

 

 

Note:  On your phone, PDF documents may only open if you choose the “Save, Replace, or Keep Both” option and then it will be downloaded and notify you of this on the top of your screen.  Open it there or in your Downloads folder and it will give you the option to Open with Adobe Acrobat, Drive, or some other PDF app you have installed on your phone.  If you watch the associated video, it will open in another tab/window so that you can easily bounce back & forth between the PDF doc and the video.  If your screen is big enough you can even arrange the windows next to each other!

 

 

 

Click on Pic to start video!

 

 

 

Rhythmic-Energy Contours based on the where the note-density is in a measure:

 

 

Video:  Mini-Release, Downbeat Echo: 1+2  3  4

 

Video:  Big, Half-Bar Release 1+2+3  4

 

Video:  Mini-Mac/Bell: 1  2+3  4

 

Video:  Big Mac or Bell Curve:  1  2+3+4 

 

Video:  Big Buildup:  1 2+3+4+

 

Video:  Over-the-Bar-Line-Phrasing or Dip:  1+2  3  4+

 

Video:  Cosine Wave –  1+2  3+4  “We Will Rock You”

 

Video:  Backbeat Echoes, Sine Wave:  1 2+3  4+

 

Video:  Shuffled 1/8-note, Busy Feel:  1  a2  a3  a4  a

 

Video:  Shuffled Cosine Wave “We Will Rock You”:  1  a2    3  a4

 

 

 

Drum-Set Groove Techniques:

 

See also Drum – Techniques

 

See also Genres & Styles for specific Grooves

 

PDF doc:  Melody vs. Ostinato in a Drum-Set Groove    While you watch the Video

 

Video – 22PWG:  Learning a Groove by every combo of 2-limbs and also going left-to-right stroke-by-stroke, slot by slot

 

Video – 22PWG:  Pumping the straight or swung 1/8-notes in Rock and Shuffle Time-keeping

 

 

 

Easy Drum-Set Grooves with Zeke Para on Guitar:

 

Iron Man

 

Iron Man by 6 yr. old Skylar

 

Batman

 

ABCs

 

Chopsticks

 

Old MacDonald

 

Slow Jazz Comping 1

 

We Will Rock You by Michel

 

We Will Rock You by Daniel

 

 

 

Ear-Training MP3 Grooves:

 

PDF doc:  Please read this Counting & Singing Method  –  While you watch the Video

 

 

Click on Pic

 

 

!!! Some of these are really old recordings, so it’s best to use headphones or really turn the volume up to hear everything I am saying but especially to be accurately distinguish between the sounds of the different parts of the drum-set in order to train your ear accurately !!!

 

Making music is an “inside job” – you first have to get music “inside” you to be able to get it “outside” of you with your drumming.  In order to be physically coordinated to drum, you must first get mentally coordinated.  After teaching drums 25 years, I found the fastest way to learn (and the closest to real-world composition in a band) is by using both your left brain to Count the rhythms and your right brain to Sing them – and to do this out of your mouth, because all those moving parts use so much more of your brain!  As you Count & Sing you are “putting the spotlight” on the “singer at the front of the stage” and your body will auto-magically “back up that singer” that is you – just like a band does for a show!  I teach “focus is power; focus is fire,” because just like a magnifying glass can focus scattered sunlight into a pinpoint of fire, your Counting & Singing will help focus past so many distracting thoughts to succeed more quickly at your drumming.

 

It’s crucial in playing with other musicians to quickly recognize repeated patterns of sound, the definition of “rhythm” or “groove,” and be able to come up with a beat that primarily Supports the band’s groove (mimics all or part of it) and secondarily Embellishes (or enhances) it.  After playing this groove for 3 measures or bars, you have created expectation in the listeners, so now you can surprise them a bit in the 4th bar with more Embellishment, or even stop the groove with the band and fill in the break with a drum fill on the snare and/or around the toms.  This is Dialogue – listening for a hole in the conversation and answering back, though you may have to wait 8 or 16 bars to get to the end of the groove before it repeats that section of the music or goes to a new one!  I teach that if you S.E.D it well in your music, you will stay out of the lines at the D.E.S. (Department of Economic Security) for food stamps!

 

Just as when learning how to repeat back any language, you have to hear drum grooves slowly enough over and over, then verbally repeat back what is being said – over and over until you have memorized it and the music is “inside you.”  Then teach your body how to reproduce those sounds with the drums.  I teach that “If you can say it, you can play it!”

 

 

Follow this Process:

 

  1. Select a Beat # from below with its corresponding Total Rhythm (i.e., all limbs combined) left-brain Counting followed by right-brain Singing.  These Counting & Singing descriptions are only there to help you “see and say” the Beat until you finally can just “hear” the Beat.  For example, using the Counting & Singing Legend below, the Straight, 1/4-note Time-Groove, Beat 83 from page 2B, has the Counting 1 e – a 2 – – – 3 e – a 4 – + – and the Singing Toom Ba – Ba Cha – – – Ti Ba – Ba Cha – Ba – , which could be written out like this:

____HH/Ride Time:  1         2       3         4

____SD:                                 2                  4

____BD:                     1 e   a             e   a       +

 

  1. Count & Sing along with me on the MP3 player’s sound file, using the Legend below, until you memorize the sound pattern.

 

  1. Play your *Time-keeping Hi-Hat (HH) or Ride with your “strong” lead-hand while Counting & Singing:  If you’re right-handed, use your RH, otherwise LH.

 

  1. If your “weak” hand plays the Snare Drum (SD) as a repetitive part (i.e, an ostinato, commonly on the backbeat counts 2 & 4), you should add this into the Total Rhythm while Counting & Singing.

 

  1. Now that you are first mentally coordinated to think, Count, and Sing the Total Rhythm while Time-keeping, you can play the Bass Drum (BD) with your foot as you say its part louder, while you are still saying the Total Rhythm softer.

 

  1. Now Count & Sing only the “groove” portion (BD + SD) of the Beat, thus no longer including the lone *Time-keeping HH Ticks or Ride Tings.  Just let them fill in the “holes” or “gaps” in the actual “groove” to maintain the Time-keeping.

 

  1. Now, if the SD rhythm is simply a steady, ostinato part of the Time-keeping as in #4 above, you can think of the BD as primarily the “groove” and Count & Sing only this – as if it were the sole melody and everything else was an ostinato system (the other limbs each contributing an ostinato that combines together).

 

  1. Only until you can play consistently at a slow tempo with these MP3 sound files without a mistake should you then play without the sound files and start speeding it up.  If you make a mistake, slow down so you don’t make the mistake again and just end up ingraining the mistake into your memory deeper, so that it makes it harder and harder to play it correctly.  The definition of insanity is to do the same things over and over that created the problem in the first place and then expect different results!

 

  1. All the 1/8-note Straight-Time Counting can also be Swung or Shuffled by shifting the “+” (and) Simple Off-beats further out to the lazy “a” of an 1/8-note Triplet: “1 e a,” so that “1  +  ” becomes “1     a.”  All the 1/16-note Straight-Time subdivisions below can also be Swung or Shuffled by leaving the “+” Simple Off-beats alone but shifting the Jerk “e” and the Lazy “a” Off-beats of “1   e   +   a” further out as shown in this 1/16-note Triplet: “1 e e + a a.”

 

 

Use this 4/4 (4, 1/4-note) Meter Legend:

 

Counting:

 

PDF doc:  Please read this Counting & Singing Method  –  While you watch the Video

 

At slower tempos for more accuracy, you can softly count (or whisper) in a short, staccato fashion all the counts and the missing “-” subdivisions.

 

1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – = Long, legato 1/4 (quarter)-notes, not counting the Straight (Binary) 1/8 (eighth)-note Simple Off-beat “+” (and) counts but simply thinking them as your stretch your voice out for the 1/4-notes:  “Oneeee Twoooo Threeee Fouuur.”

 

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + = Short staccato Straight 1/8-note counting sounds like “One and Two and Three and Four and.”

 

Straight Mix:  1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + sounds like “One and Twoooo Threeeee Four and.”

 

If Swung or Shuffled, 1 – a 2 – – 3 – – 4 – a sounds like “Oneeee ah Twoooooo Threeeee Fouuur ah,” or count everything staccato with the missing “-” subdivisions quietly.

 

1 – – – 2 – – – 3 – – – 4 – – – = Long, Legato 1/4-notes, not counting the Straight (Binary) 1/16 (sixteenth)-note offbeat “e + a” counts.

 

1 e + a 2 e + a 3 e + a 4 e + a = Short, staccato, Straight 1/16-note counting sounds like “One eee and ahh Two eee and ahh Three eee and ahh Four eee and ahh.”

 

Straight Mix:  1 e – – 2 – + – 3 – + a 4 – – a sounds like “One eeeeeee Two – and – Three – and ahh Fouuuur ahh,” or count everything staccato with the missing “-” subdivisions quietly.

 

If Swung, 1 – e – – – 2 – – + – – 3 – – + – a 4 – – – – a sounds like “Onnne eeeeeeeee Twoo Annnd Threeee Annnnd Ah Fouuuuuuurrrr ah,” or count everything staccato with the missing “-” subdivisions quietly.

 

 

Singing:

 

PDF doc:  Please read this Counting & Singing Method  –  While you watch the Video

 

Ti= *Time-keeper Tick on Hi-Hat (HH) or Ting on Ride (see #3 and #6 in the “Process” above) with your “strong” lead-hand.

 

Ta = Tap on SD with your “weak” hand (see #7 in the “Process” above) – on the MP3 sound files, if I accidentally say “Cha” I mean “Ta” as written for the Beat.

 

Ba = Bass Drum.  I also teach this as “oom” since it sounds like “doum,” a common bass sound on a doumbek drum.

 

Tam = Tap on SD + oom on BD

 

Toom = *Time-keeping Tick + BD oom, which add high-pitched Time-keeping “cut” to the low-end of the BD

 

Cha = *Time-keeper Tick + SD Ta = “TTa” creates a thicker Ta, sounding like “Cha

 

Choom = *Time-keeper + LH Cha + Bass Drum oom

 

 

 

Basic Time-Keeping Beats to ‘Support’ the Band’s Groove:

 

Basic Straight or Flat Time-Feels:

 

 

Time 1:  Intro and 1   2   3   4   BD + SD Groove Only (no Time-Keeper)

Ba   Ta   Ba   Ta

 

Time 1b:  1 – 2 – 3 – 4 –

Ba – Tam – Ba – Tam –

 

Time 2:  1  2  3  4

Toom  Cha  Toom  Cha

 

Time 2b:  1 – 2 – 3 – 4 –

Toom – Ta – Toom – Ta

 

Time 2c:  1 – 2 – 3 – 4 –

Toom – Choom – Toom – Choom –

 

Time 3:  1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +

Toom Ti Cha Ti Toom Ti Cha Ti

 

Time 4:  1 e + a 2 e + a 3 e + a 4 e + a

Toom Ti Ti Ti Cha Ti Ti Ti Toom Ti Ti Ti Cha Ti Ti Ti

 

Time 5:  1 e + –  2 e + – 3 e + – 4 e + –

Toom Ti Ti – Cha Ti Ti – Toom Ti Ti – Cha Ti Ti

 

Time 6:  1 – + a 2 – + a 3 – + a 4 – + a

Toom – Ti Ti Cha – Ti Ti Toom – Ti Ti Cha – Ti Ti

 

Time 7:  1 – – a 2 – – a 3 – – a 4 – – a

Toom – – Ti Cha – – Ti Toom – – Ti Cha – – Ti

 

 

 

Basic Straight, Off-beat Time-Feels:

 

 

Time 14:  1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +

Ba Ti Ta Ti Ba Ti Ta Ti

 

Time 15:  1 – + a 2 – + a 3 – + a 4 – + a

Ba – Ti Ti Ta – Ti Ti Ba – Ti Ti Ta – Ti Ti

 

Time 16:  1 e + – 2 e + – 3 e + – 4 e + –

Ba Ti Ti – Ta Ti Ti – Ba Ti Ti – Ta Ti Ti –

 

Time 17:  1 – + – 2  – + a 3 – + – 4    + a

Ba – Ti – Ta – Ti Ti Ba – Ti – Ta – Ti Ti

 

Time 18:  1 – + a 2 – + – 3 – + a 4 – + –

Ba – Ti Ti Ta – Ti – Ba – Ti Ti Ta – Ti –

 

Time 19:  Mix, 1  – + a 2 e + – 3 – + – 4 – + –

Ba – Ti Ti Ta Ti Ti – Ba – Ti – Ta – Ti –

 

Time 20:  Mix, 1 – + – 2 e + – 3 – + a 4 – + –

Ba – Ti – Ta Ti Ti – Ba – TiTi – Ta – Ti –

 

 

 

Basic Swung, Rounded, or Triplet Time-Feels:

 

 

Time 8:  1 e a 2 e a 3 e a 4 e a

Toom Ti Ti Cha Ti Ti Toom Ti Ti Cha Ti Ti

 

Time 9:  1 – a 2 – a 3 – a 4 – a

Toom – Ti Cha – Ti Toom – Ti Cha – Ti

 

Time 10:  1 – – 2 – a 3 – –  4 – a

Toom – – Cha – Ti Toom – – Cha – Ti

 

Time 11:  1ee+aa2ee+aa3ee+aa4ee+aa

ToomTiTiTiTiTi ChaTiTiTiTiTi ToomTiTiTiTiTi ChaTiTiTiTiTi

 

Time 12:  1 – e+ – a2 – e+ – a3 – e+ – a4 – e+ – a

Toom – TiTi – TiCha – TiTi – TiToom – TiTi – TiCha – TiTi – Ti

 

Time 13:  Summary of Time 2-12

 

 

 

Page 1B for adding 1/8-note “+” Off-beats into 1/4 note Straight-Time Grooves

 

Page 2 for adding Jerk-e and/or Laz-a Off-beats into 1/4-note Straight-Time Grooves

 

Page 2B for combinations of these Grooves

 

Page 3 for 1/8-note Straight-Time Grooves

 

Page 3B for adding Jerk-e BD

 

Page 3C for adding Laz-a BD

 

Page 3D for adding Jerk-e and Laz-a BD

 

 

 

Click on Pic

 

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *